Typhoid is a severe disease that’s mainly spread through consuming water or food that has been contaminated by a patient’s faeces or urine. Immunisation is recommended if you plan to go to regions of the world where typhoid is common. Continue reading to learn more about getting the free typhoid vaccine in Glenrothes.
What are the symptoms associated with typhoid?
Typhoid symptoms frequently start to manifest one to two weeks after you contract the Salmonella typhi bacteria. Within 3 to 5 days of starting medication, the symptoms should start to quickly improve.
If left untreated, the illness usually gets worse over a few weeks, and the possibility of life-threatening complications increases. Without treatment, complete recovery can take a few weeks or months, and symptoms might come back.
The following are the main signs and symptoms of typhoid:
– High temperature that gradually increases every day
– A headache
– General aches and pains
– Fatigue or extreme tiredness
You can later develop nausea, weight loss, a stomachache, and diarrhoea as the condition develops. Some people might get a rash.
Which countries do you need the typhoid vaccine for?
Typhoid fever can be encountered anywhere in the world, however, it tends to be more common in areas with substandard sanitation and hygiene.
Regions at high risk include:
– The Indian subcontinent
– South America
– South and Southeast Asia
It is strongly encouraged to get vaccinated if you plan to live or work among locals or spend extended periods of time in areas with questionable hygienic conditions.
Typhoid fever is typically contracted while visiting Bangladesh, Pakistan, or India by UK citizens. Therefore, it’s imperative that you acquire the necessary vaccines if you’re travelling to these countries.
Typhoid vaccine in Glenrothes
The following are the two main typhoid vaccinations available in the UK:
– Vi vaccine: a single injection
– Ty21a vaccine: 3 capsules to be taken every other day
A combination of typhoid and hepatitis A vaccinations is an additional choice for people who are 15 years old and above. Protection against hepatitis A and typhoid lasts for a year and 3 years, respectively.
In order to prevent infection and keep you from becoming ill if you come into contact with typhoid bacteria, the vaccine works by triggering the production of antibodies by your body. Antibodies are proteins that fight illnesses.
Ty21a vaccination is not advised for people with weakened immune systems, including HIV patients and anyone receiving some types of medical treatment, such as chemotherapy. This is due to the fact that it contains a live sample of the bacteria Salmonella typhi.
Even though it is generally not recommended, children as young as 2 can have the Vi vaccine. It is unknown whether the Vi and Ty21a vaccinations pose a risk to pregnant or nursing women. Nevertheless, if there is a high chance of acquiring typhoid fever, vaccination should be considered.
The typhoid vaccine should ideally be offered at least a month before travel. However, it can be given closer to the scheduled departure date if necessary. Every three years, booster shots are recommended if you still run the risk of catching typhoid bacteria.
Can you get typhoid after vaccination?
Typhoid immunisations are not always 100% effective. Always develop healthy eating and drinking habits to help prevent the infection.
Typhoid vaccines lose some of their effectiveness over time. For the injectable vaccine, a booster is required every two years; for the oral vaccine, it is required every five years. If you have already had a vaccination, ask your doctor or pharmacist if you need a booster shot. Typhoid fever is not prevented by antibiotics; they can only help treat it.
Side effects of the typhoid vaccine
After getting the typhoid fever vaccination, some individuals feel brief pain, redness, hardness or swelling at the site of injection.
Approximately one in a hundred of those who get the typhoid vaccine develop a high temperature.
Some of the less common side effects include:
– Abdominal pain
– Feeling sick
Rarely do the two typhoid vaccines result in serious side effects.
Advice for travellers
Whether you have gotten the typhoid vaccine or not, it is imperative to observe some basic precautionary measures when visiting areas where typhoid fever is common.
– Use only water that has been recently boiled or that’s been properly sealed in a bottle.
– Avoid ice cream, and don’t put ice in your drinks.
– Avoid eating raw fruit and vegetables unless you’ve peeled them yourself or rinsed them in safe water.
– Stay away from shellfish and salads.
Book your appointment with Cadham Pharmacy today to get your typhoid vaccine in Glenrothes.